Wheat is defined as a cultivated grass, which is grown primarily for its nutritional grains. It grows anywhere between 2 and 4 feet. The scientific name of Wheat is ‘Gramineae’ and belong to the genus ‘Tritium’. There are a wide variety of Wheat that can grow in different climatic conditions, whether it’s cold, hot or dry. It is an annual crop that grows once a year, and thus, at the end of each year, the fields must be ploughed and prepared to enable the grass to grow. It can be planted to some extent as a forage crop for the livestock, whereas the straw of the Wheat can be used to make roof thatching or as fodder for animals.
Hard Red Winter Wheat
It produces good quality flour used primarily in making bread, burgers, biscuits, etc. It has a high protein content of 10-14%, because of which it has a high amount of gluten in it.
Various Stages of Wheat Plant :
Following are the various stages through which the Wheat plant goes, before it is sent to the mills for processing:
Planting : The soil required for planting seeds requires sufficient moisture as this helps in germinating the seeds at a faster pace.
Growing : The head of the wheat plant is developed at the tip of the stem. This head contains the kernel and is pushed up as the stem grows at a fast pace. Once the kernel in the head is fully developed and become mature, the green colour present in the leaves and the stem disappears and the kernel is dried quickly.
Harvesting of the Wheat plant is done when the kernel has lost around of 15% of the moisture.
Health Benefits Associated with Wheat
Bread, which is made of wheat flour, is extremely nourishing and gives strength and vitality to people with high appetite
It also helps in curing nose bleeding when wheat, dissolved in milk and sugar, is consumed by the victim
It is a rich source of Vitamin B and basic amino acids, including arginine and lysine wheat also helps in curing constipation and is beneficial for people suffering from cancer
The whole grain in wheat helps in preventing diabetes as it influences the insulin level through maintaining the body weight.